Sunday, June 18, 2017

JUNE, YLs at Xenia 2017 - ARRL field day 1800z jun 24 to 2100z jun 25

Run for the Bacon QRP Contest: 0100Z-0300Z, Jun 19
Geographic Focus: Worldwide
Participation: Worldwide
Mode: CW
Bands: 160, 80, 40, 20, 15, 10m
Classes: Single Band
All Band
Max power: 5 watts
Exchange: RST + (state/province/country) + (Member No./power)
Work stations: Once per band
QSO Points: 1 point per QSO with non-member
3 points per QSO with member on same continent
5 points per QSO with member on different continent
Multipliers: Each state, province, or country once
Multiply mults by 2 if >50 members worked
Score Calculation: Total score = total QSO points x total mults
Submit logs by: June 25, 2017
E-mail logs to: (none)
Upload log at:
Mail logs to: (none)
Find rules at:

Phone Fray: 0230Z-0300Z, Jun 21
Geographic Focus: North America
Participation: Worldwide
Mode: SSB
Bands: 160, 80, 40, 20, 15m
Classes: Single Op
Max power: 100 watts
Exchange: NA: Name + (state/province/country)
non-NA: Name
Work stations: Once per band
QSO Points: NA station: 1 point per QSO
non-NA station: 1 point per QSO with an NA station
Multipliers: Each US state (including KH6/KL7) once per band
Each VE province/territory once per band
Each North American country (except W/VE) once per band
Score Calculation: Total score = total QSO points x total mults
Submit logs by: 0300Z June 23, 2017
E-mail logs to: (none)
Post log summary at:
Mail logs to: (none)
Find rules at:

CWops Mini-CWT Test: 1300Z-1400Z, Jun 21 and 1900Z-2000Z, Jun 21 and 0300Z-0400Z, Jun 22
Geographic Focus: Worldwide
Participation: Worldwide
Awards: Worldwide
Mode: CW
Bands: 160, 80, 40, 20, 15, 10m
Classes: Single Op (QRP/Low/High)
Max power: HP: >100 watts
LP: 100 watts
QRP: 5 watts
Exchange: Member: Name + Member No.
non-Member: Name + (state/province/country)
Work stations: Once per band
QSO Points: 1 point per QSO
Multipliers: Each call once
Score Calculation: Total score = total QSO points x total mults
Submit logs by: 0400Z June 24, 2017
Post log summary at:
Mail logs to: (none)
Find rules at:

NAQCC CW Sprint: 0030Z-0230Z, Jun 22
Geographic Focus: Worldwide
Participation: Worldwide
Mode: CW
Bands: 80, 40, 20m
Classes: (none)
Max power: 1 watt
Exchange: RST + (state/province/country) + (NAQCC No./power)
Work stations: Once per band
QSO Points: 1 point per QSO with non-member
2 points per QSO with member
Multipliers: Each state, province, or country once
Key Type Mult: 2x if straight key, 1.5x if bug, 1x if other
Score Calculation: Total score = total QSO points x total mults x key type mult
Submit logs by: 2359Z June 26, 2017
E-mail logs to: naqcc33[at]windstream[dot]net
Upload log at:
Mail logs to: (none)
Find rules at:

RSGB 80m Club Championship, SSB: 1900Z-2030Z, Jun 22
Geographic Focus: United Kingdom
Participation: Worldwide
Awards: United Kingdom
Mode: SSB
Bands: 80m Only
Classes: (none)
Exchange: RS + Serial No.
QSO Points: 1 point per QSO
Multipliers: (none)
Score Calculation: (see rules)
Submit logs by: 2359Z June 23, 2017
Upload log at:
Mail logs to: (none)
Find rules at:

NCCC RTTY Sprint: 0145Z-0215Z, Jun 23
Geographic Focus: North America
Participation: Worldwide
Mode: RTTY
Bands: (see rules)
Classes: (none)
Exchange: Serial No. + Name + QTH
Score Calculation: Total score = total QSO points x total mults
Submit logs by: June 25, 2017
E-mail logs to: (none)
Post log summary at:
Mail logs to: (none)
Find rules at:

NCCC Sprint: 0230Z-0300Z, Jun 23
Geographic Focus: North America
Participation: Worldwide
Mode: CW
Bands: (see rules)
Classes: (none)
Exchange: Serial No. + Name + QTH
Score Calculation: Total score = total QSO points x total mults
Submit logs by: June 25, 2017
E-mail logs to: (none)
Post log summary at:
Mail logs to: (none)
Find rules at:

Battle of Carabobo International Contest: 0000Z, Jun 24 to 2400Z, Jun 25
Mode: CW, Phone
Bands: 40, 20, 15, 10m
Classes: Single Op All Band (Low/High)
Single Op Single Band (Low/High)
Max power: HP: 1000 watts
LP: 100 watts
Exchange: YV: RS(T) + state
Non-YV: RS(T) + Serial No.
QSO Points: 1 point per QSO between YV stations
5 points per QSO between DX and YV stations
4 points per QSO between DX stations on different continents
3 points per QSO between DX stations on same continent
2 points per QSO between DX stations in same country
Multipliers: Each YV state
Score Calculation: Total score = total QSO points x total mults
Submit logs by: July 31, 2017
E-mail logs to: contestbatalladecarabobo[at]gmail[dot]com
Mail logs to: (none)
Find rules at:

UFT QRP Contest: 0600Z-0900Z, Jun 24 and 1400Z-1700Z, Jun 24
Mode: CW
Bands: 80, 40, 20, 15, 10m
Classes: Single Op All Band (QRP/High)
Max power: HP: >5 watts
QRP: 5 watts
Exchange: Member: RST + QRP/QRO + UFT member no.
non-member: RST + QRP/QRO + "NM"
Work stations: Once per band
QSO Points: (see rules)
Multipliers: Each UFT member once per band
Each QSO with F8UFT once per band
Score Calculation: Total score = total QSO points x total mults
Submit logs by: July 24, 2017
E-mail logs to: f6cel[at]orange[dot]fr
Mail logs to: Ghislain Barbasson
5, rue de l'Ecluse
F-02190 Pignancourt
Find rules at:

Ukrainian DX DIGI Contest: 1200Z, Jun 24 to 1200Z, Jun 25
Mode: RTTY, PSK63
Bands: 80, 40, 20, 15, 10m
Classes: SOAB (Low/High)
SOSB (Low/High)
Max power: HP: >100W
LP: 100W
Exchange: UR: RST + 2-letter Oblast
non-UR: RST + QSO No.
Work stations: Once per band per mode
QSO Points: (see rules)
Multipliers: Each DXCC country once per band per mode
Each oblast once per band per mode
Score Calculation: Total score = total QSO points x total mults
Submit logs by: July 25, 2017
E-mail logs to: urdigi[at]izmail-dx[dot]com
Mail logs to: (none)
Find rules at:

His Maj. King of Spain Contest, SSB: 1200Z, Jun 24 to 1200Z, Jun 25
Mode: SSB
Bands: 160, 80, 40, 20, 15, 10m
Classes: Single Op All Band (QRP/Low/High)
Single Op Single Band
Max power: HP: >100 watts
LP: 100 watts
QRP: 5 watts
Exchange: EA: RS + province
non-EA: RS + Serial No.
Work stations: Once per band
QSO Points: (see rules)
Multipliers: Each EA province once per band
Each EADX100 entity once per band
Each special (EA0) station once per band
Score Calculation: Total score = total QSO points x total mults
Submit logs by: July 10, 2017
E-mail logs to: (none)
Upload log at:
Mail logs to: (none)
Find rules at:

ARRL Field Day: 1800Z, Jun 24 to 2100Z, Jun 25
Mode: All
Bands: All, except 30, 17, 12m
Classes: A: Club/nonclub portable
B: One/two person portable
C: Mobile
D: Home
E: Home-emergency power
Max power: HP: >150 watts
LP: 150 watts
QRP: 5 watts
Exchange: W/VE: Number of transmitters (see rules) + Operating class + ARRL/RAC section
DX: Number of transmitters (see rules) + Operating class + "DX"
Work stations: Once per band per mode
QSO Points: 1 point per phone QSO
2 points per CW/digital QSO
Bonus Points: see rules
Multipliers: (none)
Score Calculation: Total score = total QSO points + bonus points
Submit logs by: 2059Z July 25, 2017
Post log summary at:
Mail logs to: Field Day Entries
225 Main St.
Newington, CT 06111
Find rules at:
thanx to wa7bnm

Thursday, May 11, 2017



1. Bring kids and wives to meeting when there is something to keep them interested
2. give your kids or friends a Morse code keyer (along with a list of cw code)
3. go talk to superintendent of school committee in your town (or a teacher)
4. plan your field day (with/at the local school)
5. approach the GIRL/BOY scouts they need a ham radio badge
6. setup a local Morse code class in your town
7. learn satellites kids seem to love making a contact with them
8. learn about STEM - Science, Technology, Engineering, Math - link Radio and STEM
9. talk to a teacher
10. talk to your local librarian to do a 1 or 2 hour presentation of ham radio or morse code (focus for kids)
11.​ip <<<<<<<<<< this is a ZIP file 12. approach the 4H club.... email me to add to this list KA1ULN@MAIL.COM

Thursday, May 4, 2017

2017 YEAR of the YL Ham Radio Operator and STEM


Here is your chance to shine on the Ham bands.
this is an incentive to get all YL's to push those PTT button's on
ALL Ham radio bands.
if you want to know where YL's hang out try 14.288

When on the band calling CQ please take a minute to specifically
ask for YL's only.

All YLs - Please join us on Echolink for YL Ham Echolink Net every
Thursday evening at 8pm Eastern Time

(Friday 01:00UTC Winter/Friday 00:00UTC Summer)!

All YLs welcomed to participate (OMs encouraged to listen if you like)!
Look for us on Echolink ALARA Conference Node 286905.

mac logging program >>
log4om robust logging program

also the equivalent to echolink is echomac

to upgrade one option is free study guide

everyone is waiting to have a qso with YOU .. being a YL.



Here is YOUR chance to hear YL's on the ham bands.
YL numbers are growing like a tsunami (not a wave).
WE are out there.

when you are calling CQ please take a minute and specifically ask for YL's only -
you will be very surprised when you have a pileup of YL's

when you have contacted one YL in each and every state you will receive
a WAS-YL certificate. there is only a few who has completed this....
so this is my challenge to you.

if YOU know of a YL who needs help....
help her out or refer her to me KA1ULN@MAIL.COM

if you know of a YL who has let her license expire
refer her to me KA1ULN@MAIL.COM

thank you so much for visiting my blog: KA1ULN.BLOGSPOT.COM
log your qso's please

if you want to know where YL's hang out try 14.288

#yearylhamradioop #hamchicksrule (thanx Katie WY7YL)

BTW: some people do not know what YL or 33 is
YL = Young Lady (female)
33 = is hello or good-bye for a YL.

I encourage everyone to visit

for the WAS-YL certificate here are details:

LOG YOUR QSO'S USE QRZ.COM VERY EASY TO USE... check blog: for directions.
or lotw, or there are may good loggers. BUT just LOG as you were taught
when studying for your license


if you want to know where YL's hang out try 14.288

Interesting YL links on the Internet

please add to one of your yl loggers.. also add YLRL to see where you come in compared to other yl's

Thursday, April 27, 2017

YL CW net/query

hello YLs let's increase our CW skills before field day JUN 24, 2017

this is a link to google forms to collect information from you about your CW status
AND when you are interested in doing CW with other yls.

let's get together with CW

*Maine Slow Speed Net Training 3.585.00 1800 2300Z Daily W1QU

here are some other CW links <<<<<<<< lots of slow speed cw nets <<<<<<<< more cw nets

please add and register with your callsign and then add ylrl as one of your groups

Tuesday, April 25, 2017

Amateur Radio 2017 Field DAY

what is field day

ARRL Field Day is the single most popular on-the-air event held annually in the US
and Canada. On the fourth weekend of June of each year, more than 35,000 radio
amateurs gather with their clubs, groups or simply with friends to operate from
remote locations.
Field Day is a picnic, a campout, practice for emergencies, an informal contest and,
most of all, FUN!
It is a time where many aspects of Amateur Radio come together to highlight our
many roles. While some will treat it as a contest, other groups use the opportunity to practice their emergency response
capabilities. It is an excellent opportunity to demonstrate Amateur Radio to the organizations that Amateur Radio
might serve in an emergency, as well as the general public. For many clubs, ARRL Field Day is one of the highlights
of their annual calendar.
The contest part is simply to contact as many other stations as possible and to learn to operate our radio gear in
abnormal situations and less than optimal conditions.
We use these same skills when we help with events such as marathons and bike-a-thons; fund-raisers such as walka-thons;
celebrations such as parades; and exhibits at fairs, malls and museums — these are all large, preplanned,
non-emergency activities.
But despite the development of very complex, modern communications systems — or maybe because they ARE so
complex — ham radio has been called into action again and again to provide communications in crises when it really
matters. Amateur Radio people (also called “hams”) are well known for our communications support in real disaster
and post-disaster situations.
What is the ARRL?
The American Radio Relay League is the national association for Amateur Radio in the USA, representing over
171,000 FCC-licensed Amateurs. The ARRL is the primary source of information about what is going on in ham
radio. It provides books, news, support and information for individuals and clubs, special events, continuing education
classes and other benefits for its members.
What is Amateur Radio
Often called “ham radio,” the Amateur Radio Service has been around for a century. In that time, it’s grown into a
worldwide community of licensed operators using the airwaves with every conceivable means of communications
technology. Its people range in age from youngsters to grandparents. Even rocket scientists and a rock star or two
are in the ham ranks. Most, however, are just normal folks like you and me who enjoy learning and being able to
transmit voice, data and pictures through the air to unusual places, both near and far, without depending on
commercial systems.
The Amateur Radio frequencies are the last remaining place in the usable radio spectrum where you as an individual
can develop and experiment with wireless communications. Hams not only can make and modify their equipment,
but can create whole new ways to do things.
For More Information visit:
Updated: 1/2017
What is ARRL Field Day?

Saturday, March 4, 2017


I challenge anyone (especially YL's) to have one qso with a YL from every state WAS-YL?

here are the details

YLRLs Have Wonderful Certificates
For questions, information and submission on the following certificates:
Worked All States YL (WAS-YL) Worked All Continents YL (WAC-YL) YL Century Club (YLCC) DX YL YL-DXCC YL-Digital Modes
Contact the YLRL Certificate Manager:
Val Lemko VE5AQ
1125 Iroquois St. W.
Moose Jaw, Sask. Canada S6H 5C1

Worked All States YL (WAS-YL)
1. Available to any licensed Amateur in the world.
2. Contact must be made with a duly licensed YL in each of the 50 states in the U.S.
3. The District of Columbia may be counted for Maryland.
4. There are no time or band limitations.
5. In qualifying for this certificate, it is possible to work the SAME YL in each of the 50 states.
6. The list of contacts must be arranged alphabetically

Worked All Continents YL (WAC-YL)
1. Available to any licensed Amateur in the world.
2. Two-way communications must be established on the amateur radio bands with YLs on the six
continents: North America, South America, Europe, Africa, Asia, and Oceania (which includes Australia and New Zealand).
3. Any and all authorized Amateur Radio bands may be used.
4. Cross-band contacts are permitted.
5. Contacts may have been made over any period of time.
6. Contacts with all six continents must be made with duly licensed women operators.
7. It is not necessary for each contact to be a different YL.
8. Submit a list of claimed contacts alphabetically arranged by continent.

YL Century Club (YLCC)
1. Available to any licensed Amateur in the world.
2. Two-way communications must be established on authorized Amateur bands, with stations, mobile or fixed, operated by 100 different licensed women Amateurs.
3. The same YL using different call letters will NOT count.
4. Any and all amateur bands may be used.
5. Contacts with YLs anywhere in the world are recognized, provided that confirmations clearly indicate the stations were operated by duly licensed women Amateur Radio operators.
6. List of claimed contacts must be arranged alphabetically by call sign.
7. Endorsements: Confirmations of contacts accompanied by an alphabetical list, as described above, from stations operated by additional YLs may be submitted for credit each time 50 additional confirmations are available. Endorsements will be made to the original certificate when application is approved.
8. Gold stickers will be awarded to applicants who have worked their additional contacts from the same country; otherwise, silver stickers will be awarded. Please indicate whether you are applying for a gold or silver sticker when submitting your application.

1. Available to licensed YL operators only, for working 25 DIFFERENT licensed women operators outside your own country, on or after April 1, 1958.
2. USA and possessions are counted as separate countries, as well as Alaska and Hawaii.
3. Any and all amateur bands may be used.
4. Contacts do not have to be with 25 different countries, just 25 different DX YLs.
5. The log must be arranged alphabetically by call sign.
6. Endorsements: Stickers will be awarded for each 10 additional DX YLs, subject to the same confirmation as above.

1. Available to any licensed Amateur in the world.
2. Two-way communications must be established on authorized Amateur bands with stations (fixed or mobile), operated by licensed YLs from 100 countries on the current ARRL list of countries.
3. Any band or mode (except cross-band contacts) maybe used.
4. The log must be arranged alphabetically by country.
5. Endorsements: After receiving the certificate, a silver sticker will be awarded for contacts with YLs in 25 additional DX countries. List requirements are the same as for the original application.

YL-Digital Mode
1. Available to any licensed Amateur in the world.
2. Two-way communications must be established on authorized Amateur bands with stations (fixed or mobile), operated by licensed YLs using digital modes only.
3. Contact must be made with 25 YLs using a digital mode (PSK31, RTTY, CW, SSTV, etc.) All contacts must be made using the same mode.
4. The log must be arranged alphabetically by call sign.
5. Endorsements: After receiving the first certificate, a sticker may be awarded for each additional digital mode in which 25 YL contacts are made. (i.e. If the first 25 contacts were made using PSK31, an endorsement may be earned for making 25 contacts with YLs using RTTY. An additional endorsement after that may be earned for CW contacts, SSTV contacts, or Hellschreiber contacts, etc.)

Continuous Membership Certificate
This certificate is available ONLY to YLRL members. It is awarded automatically to any YL who has been a member, continuously for five years. Diamond-shaped stickers are awarded for each additional five years of continuous membership.
For questions, information on the Continuous Membership Certificate, please contact the current Continuous Membership Chair:
Lois Gutshall WB3EFQ

Basic Rules Applicable To All YLRL Certificates
1. Contacts made through repeater devices or any other power relay method cannot be used for any YLRL certificate confirmation.
2. All contacts must be made FROM the same country.
3. Mail or e-mail your list of contacts only. DO NOT SEND QSL CARDS TO THE Manager! Two (2) other Amateurs must sign the list of contacts verifying that the QSL cards are in the possession of the applicant. In the case of lists submitted by e-mail, the name, callsign, and email address of two Amateurs who verified the list must be submitted with the list (signatures are not required).
4. No charge is made for certificates sent out by e-mail attachment. However, if the applicant would like a printed certificate mailed to them, they MUST send sufficient postage for first class mail or a stamped self-addressed legal-size envelope to cover the cost of mailing the certificate.
5. All certificate applications must include the date, time, callsign, YLs first name, QTH, mode, band, RST given, and RST received. Additional information may be listed in each certificate's rules, as well as the order for the contacts.
6. All inquiries should be addressed to the certificate manager.
7. Decisions of the manager regarding interpretations of the rules as here stated or later amended shall be final.
8. The certificate manager's address and e-mail address is listed in each issue of the YL Harmonics.
9. Each application must include ONLY the amount of contacts needed to receive the certificate or seal. No list containing less than the required contacts will be accepted, and any extra contacts listed will be discarded, but can be resubmitted as part of the correct number of contacts for an endorsement.
10. Each certificate may be applied for by e-mail or postal mail to the certificate manager.
11. E-mail applicants will receive their certificates as an attachment to an e-mail. The certificate will be sent in .pdf format and can be viewed and printed out using the free Adobe Reader program available for download from
12. Endorsement stickers must be applied for by mail only.

good luck


Bent Dipoles

here is some great information on dipoles thanx to KK4obi

Bent Dipoles link

there is more if you click on the link

This web site is devoted primarily as a resource for amateur radio operators
to see what happens if they bend a half-wave dipole.

The performance of a dipole is highest when it is not bent. When a half-wave or full-wave dipole is bent: the gain goes down; the resonant length gets shorter; the frequency goes higher; the impedance decreases. Only when the length is three or more half-wavelengths can bending increase gain as you transition into gull-wing, half-rhombic V and rhombic antennas.

To help understand what happens to a bent dipole, you will see graphs showing the changes in Gain, Resonant Length, SWR, etc. as well as polar charts of far field radiation patterns and 3D flyover views as a bend point is moved or angle of bend changes.

1. We start with bending the ends of an ordinary center-fed dipole limited by an attic, garden, wall, etc. or to reduce turning radius. We than look at bending a dipole in the middle... up and down, side to side... to form V or L-type configurations.
See illustrations of all eleven studies at: Center-fed Dipoles.

2. The second phase looks the same set of configurations but by feeding a dipole off-center, (OCF). This an outgrowth of antenna/coax matching because of the low impedance of dipoles in the V or L-form, not for multi-band application. However, as part of this, there is a study related to feed points up to the 6th harmonic.

3. The third phase deals with slow wave antennas for size reduction- primarily for cell phones, routers, printers, remote control, as well as radio frequency identification (RFID) for merchandise or toll/parking collection- but applied to amateur radio antennas. These studies include meander, zig-zag and catenary curve methods.

4. The information presented is derived from a mixture of practical antenna prototyping and wire antenna modeling used to find out what is going on and "what happens if...". The software used is 4NEC2, a Windows compatible program based on an NEC-2/ NEC-4 core (Numeric Electromagnetics Code). It is used to create, view and check antenna designs and generate displays of radiation patterns. Of particular importance for the studies reported here is its optimizer function which automatically adjusts antenna variables to find the best Gain, Resonance, Standing Wave Ratio (SWR), Efficiency, Front-to-Back ratio or combination thereof. Its sweep function then graphs Far Field Radiation Pattern and 3D view plus Reflection Coefficient, Reactance, Impedance and Phase over the range of frequencies of interest.

Thursday, October 20, 2016

Science, Technology, Engineering and Math: Education for Global Leadership >>> Amateur Radio YL's

“[Science]“[Science] is more than a school subject, or the periodic table, or the properties of waves. It is an approach to the world, a critical way to understand and explore and engage with the world, and then have the capacity to change that world..."

— President Barack Obama, March 23, 2015

The United States has developed as a global leader, in large part, through the genius and hard work of its scientists, engineers, and innovators. In a world that’s becoming increasingly complex, where success is driven not only by what you know, but by what you can do with what you know, it’s more important than ever for our youth to be equipped with the knowledge and skills to solve tough problems, gather and evaluate evidence, and make sense of information. These are the types of skills that students learn by studying science, technology, engineering, and math—subjects collectively known as STEM.

Yet today, few American students pursue expertise in STEM fields—and we have an inadequate pipeline of teachers skilled in those subjects. That’s why President Obama has set a priority of increasing the number of students and teachers who are proficient in these vital fields.

Projected Percentage Increases In STEM Jobs from 2010 to 2020: 14% for all occupations, 16% for Mathematics, 22% for Computer Systems Analysts, 32% for Systems Software Developers, 36% for Medical Scientists, 62% for Biomedical Engineers
The need

All young people should be prepared to think deeply and to think well so that they have the chance to become the innovators, educators, researchers, and leaders who can solve the most pressing challenges facing our nation and our world, both today and tomorrow. But, right now, not enough of our youth have access to quality STEM learning opportunities and too few students see these disciplines as springboards for their careers.expand/collapse

The goals

President Obama has articulated a clear priority for STEM education: within a decade, American students must "move from the middle to the top of the pack in science and math." The Obama Administration also is working toward the goal of fairness between places, where an equitable distribution of quality STEM learning opportunities and talented teachers can ensure that all students have the chance to study and be inspired by science, technology, engineering, and math—and have the chance to reach their full potential.expand/collapse

The plan

The Committee on STEM Education (CoSTEM), comprised of 13 agencies—including all of the mission-science agencies and the Department of Education—are facilitating a cohesive national strategy, with new and repurposed funds, to increase the impact of federal investments in five areas: 1.) improving STEM instruction in preschool through 12th grade; 2.) increasing and sustaining public and youth engagement with STEM; 3.) improving the STEM experience for undergraduate students; 4.) better serving groups historically underrepresented in STEM fields; and 5.) designing graduate education for tomorrow's STEM workforce.expand/collapse

Supporting Teachers and Students in STEM

At the Department of Education, we share the President’s commitment to supporting and improving STEM education. Ensuring that all students have access to high-quality learning opportunities in STEM subjects is a priority, demonstrated by the fact that dozens of federal programs have made teaching and learning in science, technology, engineering, and math a critical component of competitiveness for grant funding. Just this year, for the very first time, the Department announced that its Ready-to-Learn Television grant competition would include a priority to promote the development of television and digital media focused on science.

The Department’s Race to the Top-District program supports educators in providing students with more personalized learning—in which the pace of and approach to instruction are uniquely tailored to meet students’ individual needs and interests—often supported by innovative technologies. STEM teachers across the country also are receiving resources, support, training, and development through programs like Investing in Innovation (i3), the Teacher Incentive Fund, the Math and Science Partnerships program, Teachers for a Competitive Tomorrow, and the Teacher Quality Partnerships program.

Because we know that learning happens everywhere—both inside and outside of formal school settings—the Department’s 21st Century Community Learning Centers program is collaborating with NASA, the National Park Service, and the Institute of Museum and Library Services to bring high-quality STEM content and experiences to students from low-income, high-need schools. This initiative has made a commitment to Native-American students, providing about 350 young people at 11 sites across six states with out-of-school STEM courses focused on science and the environment.

And in higher education, the Hispanic-Serving Institutions-STEM program is helping to increase the number of Hispanic students attaining degrees in STEM subjects.

This sampling of programs represents some of the ways in which federal resources are helping to assist educators in implementing effective approaches for improving STEM teaching and learning; facilitating the dissemination and adoption of effective STEM instructional practices nationwide; and promoting STEM education experiences that prioritize hands-on learning to increase student engagement and achievement.

WOMEN and STEM>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>

Learn more

Five-Year Strategic Plan for STEM Education [PDF]
STEM Programs at ED
Green Strides Program
Women in STEM
2015 White House Science Fair
President Obama’s Remarks
Educate to Innovate
Civil Rights Data Collection
College- and Career-Ready/ STEM Access Snapshot [PDF]

Wednesday, October 19, 2016

beverage antennas

here is some more information on beverage antennas w8ji thanx

beverage antennas link

My History With Beverages

I originally began experimenting with long, low, wire antennas in the 1960's. Even though I had a working mostly homebrew station, I now realize I had only a small idea what I was doing, and almost no understanding of what made antennas work.

My entry into Ham radio was from modified broadcast radios, and the very active 160-meter mobile group in Toledo, Ohio. I always thought the longer the antenna, the better the "pickup". was fascinated by the distant AM broadcast, lower shortwave, and 160-meter signals heard with long antennas. My early antennas were nothing more than hundreds or thousands of feet of very thin magnet wire, strung over tree limbs and along telephone poles (which had steel climbing pegs), all through a typical crowded 1950's suburban neighborhood. Unfortunately my early experiments were hampered by lack of room. Thin magnet wire, unwound from early-radio speaker field magnets, strung in the middle of the night through a crowded suburban neighborhood across neighbor's small lots, doesn't stay up long.

In the early 1970's, I moved to a house with several acres of woods. The soil was a very wet, sandy, black loam. A neighbor just north of me, W8FPU (Parker) was actually working a couple of VK's on 160-meters, something very rare at the time. Using information from a series of engineering lectures by John "Jack" Kuecken (now SK) and correspondence with Stew W1BB, I installed my first "real" Beverage antenna. I was delighted to find a large improvement in weak-signal reception from very simple, inexpensive, easy-to-install wire antennas. Eventually, that system evolved from a few long single wires to a two-wire reversible system. The two-wire system used two Beverages, oriented 90 degrees from each other. This gave four direction coverage. That system, with the addition of an in-phase and out-of-phase combiner, evolved into a forced-null system using just two reversible antennas. This was before binocular cores were available, and ferrite beads were just appearing. At the early date, I used a series of 73-mix beads to make my transformers, even publishing a few articles in small newsletters.

I continued to improve or refine my Beverage antennas over the years. Virtually all of my Beverage antennas now are arrays of multiple Beverages, not just single wires. While my large circle arrays of verticals, or broadside endfire arrays of verticals, are about even with two long phased Beverages, the Beverage arrays are simpler systems. Arrays of broadside Beverages remain my primary DX receiving antennas for the lowest bands. There isn't any other receiving antenna that is as simple, as easy to construct and maintain, and as foolproof as a Beverage! The only significant Beverage disadvantage is the long physical length required, and maintenance of a very long antenna. If we want significant directivity, Beverages (like all long wire arrays) require a great deal of space .

Testing and Comparing Antennas

I work a little different than many or most people when experimenting, always A-B testing and comparing antennas over time. This is partly because a newer, bigger, or better looking antenna always feels better. Even before something is used, especially if the "something new" involved effort or expense, we can "like" it and become emotionally invested in it. We want something new to work better, so we look for everything "good".

I credit a 7th and 8th grade science teacher for educating students about this phenomena. Early in school, a science teacher at Olney middle school in Northwood, Ohio demonstrated how easily and often false conclusions are reached, based on feelings about results or past performance memory. One year of science with Mr. Kohler, when I was 12 or 13 years old, changed how I look at many things in life. Because of Mr. Kohler, I almost always retain a reference or control, try to use direct measurements of what I actually want to know, and use multiple methods when possible. Mr. Kohler demonstrated how easy it was to reach false conclusions, unless we use valid measurements.

Most antenna myths and misconceptions, many making it into print in articles, come from repeating feelings or unsubstantiated claims, or are based on improper measurements or models. I've seen comparisons years apart, going on memory of how signals were on some other antenna that was long gone!

I presently have a great deal of room, with wiring in place to install multiple antennas, and reasonably good test equipment. This allows installation of multiple antenna systems at the same time, which allows direct comparisons over time, as well as measurements. I constantly refine antenna systems by comparing systems against each other for extended periods of time, usually more than a year.

there are more pictures and documents please go to link above

Monday, October 17, 2016

wanna do some Ham Radio homebrewing.. check this out

here is a site with any homebrew project you could ever think of.

it is a great place for people to go through with GIRL or Boy scouts
or even a training class..

here is the home brew link

73 ka1uln

Thursday, October 13, 2016

Ada Lovelace Biography

Mathematician, Computer Programmer (1815–1852)


NAME Ada Lovelace
OCCUPATION Mathematician, Computer Programmer
BIRTH DATE December 10, 1815
DEATH DATE November 27, 1852
PLACE OF BIRTH London, United Kingdom
PLACE OF DEATH London, United Kingdom
AKA Ada Lovelace
Countess of Lovelace
NICKNAME Enchantress of Numbers
MAIDEN NAME Augusta Ada Byron
FULL NAME Augusta Ada King
A gifted mathematician, Ada Lovelace is considered to have written instructions for the first computer program in the mid-1800s.

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The daughter of famed poet Lord Byron, Augusta Ada Byron, Countess of Lovelace—better known as "Ada Lovelace"—was born in London on December 10, 1815. Ada showed her gift for mathematics at an early age. She translated an article on an invention by Charles Babbage, and added her own comments. Because she introduced many computer concepts, Ada is considered the first computer programmer. Ada died on November 27, 1852.

Early Years

Ada Lovelace, born as Augusta Ada Byron, was the only legitimate child of the famous poet Lord George Gordon Byron. Lord Byron's marriage to Ada's mother, Lady Anne Isabella Milbanke Byron, was not a happy one. Lady Byron separated from her husband only weeks after their daughter was born. A few months later, Lord Byron left England, and Ada never saw her father again. He died in Greece when Ada was 8 years old.

Ada had an unusual upbringing for an aristocratic girl in the mid-1800s. At her mother's insistence, tutors taught her mathematics and science. Such challenging subjects were not standard fare for women at the time, but her mother believed that engaging in rigorous studies would prevent Lovelace from developing her father's moody and unpredictable temperament. Ada was also forced to lie still for extended periods of time because her mother believed it would help her develop self-control.

From early on, Lovelace showed a talent for numbers and language. She received instruction from William Frend, a social reformer; William King, the family's doctor; and Mary Somerville, a Scottish astronomer and mathematician. Somerville was one of the first women to be admitted into the Royal Astronomical Society.

Babbage and the Analytical Engine

Around the age of 17, Ada met Charles Babbage, a mathematician and inventor. The pair became friends, and the much older Babbage served as a mentor to Ada. Through Babbage, Ada began studying advanced mathematics with University of London professor Augustus de Morgan.

Ada was fascinated by Babbage's ideas. Known as the father of the computer, he invented the difference engine, which was meant to perform mathematical calculations. Ada got a chance to look at the machine before it was finished, and was captivated by it. Babbage also created plans for another device known as the analytical engine, designed to handle more complex calculations.

Ada was later asked to translate an article on Babbage's analytical engine that had been written by Italian engineer Luigi Federico Menabrea for a Swiss journal. She not only translated the original French text in English, but also added her own thoughts and ideas on the machine. Her notes ended up being three times longer than the original article. Her work was published in 1843, in an English science journal. Ada used only the initials "A.A.L.," for Augusta Ada Lovelace, in the publication.

In her notes, Ada described how codes could be created for the device to handle letters and symbols along with numbers. She also theorized a method for the engine to repeat a series of instructions, a process known as looping that computer programs use today. Ada also offered up other forward-thinking concepts in the article. For her work, Ada is often considered to be the first computer programmer.

Ada's article attracted little attention when she was alive. In her later years, she tried to develop mathematical schemes for winning at gambling. Unfortunately, her schemes failed and put her in financial peril. Ada died from uterine cancer in London on November 27, 1852. She was buried next to her father, in the graveyard of the Church of St. Mary Magdalene in Nottingham, England.

Personal Life

In 1835, Ada married William King, who became the Earl of Lovelace three years later. She then took the title of Countess of Lovelace. They shared a love of horses and had three children together. From most accounts, he supported his wife's academic endeavors. Ada and her husband socialized with many of the interesting minds of the times, including scientist Michael Faraday and writer Charles Dickens.

Ada's health suffered, however, after a bout of cholera in 1837. She had lingering problems with asthma and her digestive system. Doctors gave her painkillers, such as laudanum and opium, and her personality began to change. She reportedly experienced mood swings and hallucinations.


Ada Lovelace's contributions to the field of computer science were not discovered until the 1950s. Her notes were reintroduced to the world by B.V. Bowden, who republished them in Faster Than Thought: A Symposium on Digital Computing Machines in 1953. Since then, Ada has received many posthumous honors for her work. In 1980, the U.S. Department of Defense named a newly developed computer language "Ada," after Lovelace.

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Tuesday, October 4, 2016

need a time sync tool (when running digital modes)?

here is the ultimate time sync tool when running digital modes:

see ya on FELD HELL 10.141 10.142

Sunday, October 2, 2016

DIGITAL BAND(guide..not official) PLAN FOR VHF/UHF

DIGITAL BAND(guide..not official) PLAN FOR VHF/UHF

This is NOT an official band plan but a guide for most "normal" digital
activity and areas will vary in different places so please use common
courtesy and if you are unsure ask local operators and or listen.....but
never run digital on the SSB/CW calling frequencies or the EME subbands

6 Meters CW/SSB/Digital
50.060-50.080 CW Beacons (unattended sub-band)
50.080-50.100 CW QSO's
50.100-50.125 DX Window
50.110 DX Calling Frequency
50.125 North American SSB Calling Frequency
50.133-50.430 Voice Nets see:

50.255 FSK441 lower practical limit for most QSO's
50.260 FSK441 Calling Frequency
50.265 JT-65
50.285 FSK441 upper practical limit for most QSO's
50.290 PSK31 (USB)
50.291 PropNET (with +1500hz PSK audio)
50.293 WSPR
50.300 or 50.700 RTTY?
50.620 Packet Calling Frequency
6 Meters
50.680 SSTV

2 Meters CW/SSB/Digital
144.00-144.05 EME (CW)
144.05-144.06 Propagation beacons (old band plan)
144.06-144.10 General CW and weak signals
144.10-144.20 EME and weak-signal SSB
144.140 WSJT FSK441/JT44 calling frequency
144.110 to 144.160 WSJT FSK441 or JT44 (around this area)
144.131 PropNet +1500hz PSK audio)
144.200 National SSB calling frequency
144.20-144.30 General SSB operation, upper sideband
144.275-144.300 New beacon band
2 Meters FM Digital modes
145.500 SSTV (National SSTV Simplex FM Frequency)
145.550 FM PSK31, Hellschreiber

70 Centimeters CW/SSB/Digital
420.00-426.00 ATV repeater or simplex with 421.25 MHz video carrier control
links and experimental
426.00-432.00 ATV simplex with 427.250 MHz video carrier frequency
432.00-432.07 EME (Earth-Moon-Earth)
432.07-432.08 Propagation beacons (old band plan)
432.08-432.10 Weak-signal CW
432.100 70 cm calling frequency
432.11-432.20 WSJT JT44/FSK441 ?
432.150 SSB PSK
432.10-433.00 Mixed-mode and weak-signal work
432.30-432.40 New beacon band
441.000 Packet Calling Frequency